Lychees are an extremely ornamental tree. Average is 25’ X 25”. The Lychee is a subtropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China. The trees are dense, round-topped and relatively slow-growing. The fruit can be dried with the rind intact, at which point the flesh shrinks and darkens. Harvest fruit by pruning off the entire end of the branch, separate the fruit later if you want. Some cultivars are very prone to narrow crotch angles. When growing lychee trees, be sure to plant them in a protected area. Water trees regularly when actively growing. Different varieties of Lychee Recommended cultivars for fruit production include; [3] Unofficial records in China refer to lychee as far back as 2000 BC. Lychee trees (Litchi chinensis) bring special interest to your home landscape, both with their ornamental beauty and their production of edible fruit. Apparently an earlier season correlates with less cold tolerance though, so that is my concern. Lychee trees will take at least five years to mature before bearing any fruit. [8], There are numerous lychee cultivars, with considerable confusion regarding their naming and identification. Adding a second Lychee will always increase the yield of both trees, but it is not required to produce fruit. I will be potting it so what size diameter pot would suit this tree? planting in pot- Lychee Mauritius Trees grow very well in containers as long as you provide Great name and a great tree! lychee trees. Flowering precedes fruit maturity by approximately 140 days. Their dense canopy can be caught up by the wind, causing the trees to topple over and the tree can reach 30-40 feet in height. When the central opening of trees is carried out as part of training and pruning, stereo fruiting can be achieved for higher orchard productivity. There are a number of varieties of lychees; and they grow on trees that are evergreen, that generally grow to heights … Think giant, fruiting bonsai. Production zones are located in the central lowlands, and uplands of both the eastern and western regions. Hi Jeff A good variety for the subtropics and cooler areas as it is one of the latest fruiting cultivars. Price $ 64.00: Buy: add_shopping_cart add_shopping_cart: Availability: In Stock(6) Image : Pot Vol. PLUS a Lychee Store offering fresh fruit, trees and other hard-to-find lychee products. ergreen tree growing to 40 ft (12 m) in height. India grows more than a dozen different cultivars. Can I produce Lichee in the caribbean? Fig. Litchi chinensis is an evergreen tree that is frequently less than 15 m (49 ft) tall, sometimes reaching 28 m (92 ft).[8]. The same cultivar grown in different climates can produce very different fruit. Even then, maintenance pruning will be required. Need your expertise on this. I really hope you enjoy the tree Dan and wish you success. Common Names: litchi, liechee, liche, lizhi, li zhi, and lichee. The edible flesh surrounds a single, dark brown, inedible seed that is 1 to 3.3 cm long and 0.6 to 1.2 cm wide (0.39–1.30 by 0.24–0.47 in). Kwai mai pink was one of the most reliable cultivars across all tests with temp controlled experiments (it was an Australian study, I’ll have a search and link it here if I find it). Wai Chee is a low vigor that is easily kept small. It makes for more resilient and better anchored trees. This is an ideal size for most high density tropical fruit tree orchards. Regards. 14 'Gee Kee' Fig. Lacks some of the more complex flavors present in other cultivars. Mites, scale and aphids occasionally infest lychees. You could also consider longan which are similar to lychee but a little hardier. Lychee trees demand space. I have spoken to nurserymen who were trying this in the early days and they decided it just wasn’t worth it. Mature trees flush several times a year with a flowering bloom flush in the winter. Most lychee trees are reproduced by air-laying. [8], The lychee attracted attention of European travellers, such as Juan González de Mendoza in his History of the great and mighty kingdom of China (1585; English translation 1588), based on the reports of Spanish friars who had visited China in the 1570s gave the fruit high praise:[13]. This is typically when it is as big as you can handle for maintenance. Leach the soil regularly if this is a concern in your area. Growth spurts or “flushes”  are separated by short periods of dormancy. I am in south-east Qld so warmer than Melbourne, but if you are relatively frost free at your property I think you will be ok. A tall evergreen tree, the lychee bears small fleshy fruits. Its evergreen leaves, 5 to 8 in (12.5–20 cm) long, are pinnate, having 4 to 8 alternate, elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, abruptly pointed, leaflets, The bark is grey-black, the branches a brownish-red. Slow grower. Cheers That is not a problem for me because I don’t require commercial quantities Of fruit and I value the variety over maximum yield. They are reddish when young, becoming shiny and bright green. Like the vast majority of above ground trees, lychee wood is brown and produces brown products. Lush, dark green foliage adds great contrast to the Lychee fruits that hang in bunches like giant, rose colored grapes. Lychees are berries and are produced on tropical evergreen trees. The bark is smooth and gray. [3] Lychee are similar in foliage to the family Lauraceae, likely due to convergent evolution. I would suggest Wai Chee but as you have figured out it is the least vigorous which is a downside. Raw lychee fruit is 82% water, 17% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and contains negligible fat. Last year I actually lost year old trees (including a ‘Red Ball’) to a freak freeze up here. There are several popular varieties that do well here. Lychee trees can reach up to 40feet high but are usually much smaller and can be controlled by pruning. Lychee - Haak Ip $ 64.00. With some varieties, fruit loses its spikiness when ripe. Tree height was measured as the longest distance from the ground to the top of the tree crown and was measured using a retractable measuring staff. The shape of the fruit of the litchi is round and the surface is rough, its diameter is approximately 1 to 1.5 inches. I expect/hope to keep the trees 15 feet or less. Be cautious using high salt fertilizers such as pelletised chicken manure. Also looks like I might have to put gravel/mesh in the bottom of the pot to drain it well? Flowers:The tiny petalless, yellowish-green flowers are borne in in ter… Fruit has a deep red color with a smooth thin skin. I have found them to be a Erdon Lee to be a fairly slow grower compared to what I have read, maybe that is just where I have mine. It was described and named by French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat in his account "Voyage aux Indes orientales et à la Chine, fait depuis 1774 jusqu'à 1781" (translation: "Voyage to the East Indies and China, made between 1774 and 1781"), which was published in 1782. Hi Dan Which variety would you recommend here. South Africa grows mainly the “Mauritius” cultivar. Birds are the real issue in most areas. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. that the tree is very slow growing and there are not commercial quantities available. [3] This group of trees are all usually propagated by Marcott/air layering. The large beautiful trees thrive in a moist rocky soil and little fertilizer once they reach fruiting age. The same cultivar can grow and fruit differently in different climates. Young trees are susceptible to frost but mature trees can handle temperatures as low as -3.8°C (25° F). A branch with a diameter or 5/8 to 3/4 inch is girdled, removing the bark and exposing the inner wood. They are approximately 2 to 3 mm in length and lack petals. It is having a lot of buds now. [11], In the 1st century during the Han dynasty, fresh lychees were a popular tribute item, and in such demand at the Imperial Court that a special courier service with fast horses would bring the fresh fruit from Guangdong. The purpose of this document is to provide lychee and longan growers with control recommendations for the Lychee Erinose Mite (LEM), Aceria litchii. Upland growers may possess up to several thousands trees, however, such growers are few in number. Leaves are pinnate with one to five pairs of leaflets. I don’t think any cultivar is necessarily more cold tolerant, it is more about when they flower. Lychees are generally eaten raw, although they may be added to, or cooked in other dishes to feature their sweet flavour. Should I deep water it or just water it regularly like normal ? [7][19] India grows more than a dozen named cultivars, including Shahi (Highest Pulp %), Dehra Dun, Early Large Red, Kalkattia, Rose Scented.[9][20]. I get more fruit from my little trees than many get from full size trees once the wildlife has had its share. Around mid-March I would like to plant several fruit trees. We live in south east Brisbane area, Our wai Chee is 4 years old, about 1.6 metre tall. You would actually want a late flowering variety down there, this way the flowers and fruit happen towards the end of winter rather than having to hang on the tree through the cold. That doesn’t take into account extremes and so the best idea is to see if any are already grown in your area. [27][28], A 2013 investigation by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in India, showed that cases were linked to the consumption of lychee fruit,[29] causing a noninflammatory encephalopathy that mimicked symptoms of Jamaican vomiting sickness. Lychees require very moist soil but will not tolerate standing water. I always recommend Kwai mai pink/Bosworth 3 (they are the same cultivar) to people who want reliable fruiting, you started right! Once it is at the required size prune it yearly (after fruiting) and root prune/re-pot back into the same ‘final size’ pot indefinitely. Most cultivars grown in the United States were imported from China, except for the “Groff”, which was developed in the state of Hawaii. [10] Wild trees still grow in parts of southern China and on Hainan Island. This is due to the pruning that accompanies harvest and resets the trees growth flush clock. These fruit typically have a higher price, due to having more edible flesh. The branches are long and thick, typically drooping. I was thinking Bosworth 3 as it seems to be one of the more cold tolerant varieties, fairly vigorous and doesn’t set fruit too late (otherwise it won’t ripen here, which is my concern for Wai Chee + the fact that i bought one and it died shortly after – i read that it is hard to establish after the fact). The fruits skin is smooth or covered with small sharp protuberances (spikiness). Their dense canopy can be caught up by the wind , causing the trees to topple over. In China, popular cultivars include: Sanyuehong, Baitangying, Baila, Shuidong, Feizixiao, Dazou, Heiye, Nuomici, Guiwei, Huaizhi, Lanzhu, and Chenzi. The Caribbean wouldn’t typically get the cold required for lychee flowering. Have been doing some research on this forum and other places online, enough to have questions (information overload!). Fruit will be ripe approximately 140 days after flowering. Marcotts can begin bearing … They require a tropical climate that never goes below -4C, so they are best grown in tropical or subtropical climates. Pruning is best done immediately after (or at) harvest. Field based measurements of 89 lychee trees were collected on the 4 March 2017 of tree height, crown width and crown circumference. It was also the favourite fruit of Emperor Li Longji (Xuanzong)'s favoured concubine Yang Yuhuan (Yang Guifei). Cheers Southeast Asian countries, along with Australia, use the original Chinese names for the main cultivars. Only a small number of these are ever pollinated (100 – 200). The rind is inedible but easily removed to expose a layer of translucent white fleshy aril with a floral smell and a sweet flavor. Height and Width: Varies with the variety, Lychee trees range from about 20 to 40 feet tall. This results in flowering a fruiting the following season. Lychee wood is the fourth densest wood, beaten by olives, glumprongs, and blood thorns.. Lychee trees bear fruit that can be harvested by setting up a gathering zone.They can be eaten raw, cooked, or brewed into lychee wine. Flower panicles emerges 4-6 weeks after initiation has taken place (see climate) as a multi flowered cluster on the end of branches (terminal inflorescence). [3] The most common way of propagating lychee is through a method called air layering or marcotting. US Department of Agriculture zone 10 to 11, These are hardy. [5], The CDC report recommended that parents ensure their children limit lychee consumption and have an evening meal, elevating blood glucose levels that may be sufficient to deter illness. I’m not super familiar so looked up Perth average temperatures and they are great for lychees. To speed up the growth rate apply small amounts of a balanced fertilizer often throughout the spring and summer. It makes fruit easier to harvest and protect from pests. [24] I wonder if it has deep root system. Avg. [citation needed] There are three subspecies, determined by flower arrangement, twig thickness, fruit, and number of stamens. Secondly , I don’t have big backyard, any chance I can grow it in the pot ? [3] China is the main producer of lychees, followed by India, other countries in Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and South Africa. It is also sold canned year-round. Fruit eating birds are attracted to red, making a fruiting lychee tree a shining beacon of deliciousness. Dan. Plus it has an early to mid season which is great. My trees are evidence that lychees will grow ok on quite shallow top soil as long a lots of organic matter is applied. Fruits vary in shape from round to ovoid to heart-shaped and. Fruits mature in 80–112 days depending on climate, location, and cultivar. Perhaps the most accepted advice is that the mean daily average temperature be below 20°C (68° F) before flowering. Hi Gerard, The lychee tree is suitable for the subtropical and tropical climate. 1. [29][30], Earlier studies had incorrectly concluded that transmission may occur from direct contact with lychees contaminated by bat saliva, urine, or guano or with other vectors, such as insects found in lychee trees or sand flies, as in the case of Chandipura virus. It is in the soapberry family (Sapindacea)and is related to the other soapberries including Akee (Blighia sapida), Longan (Dimocarpus longan), Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), Pulasan (N. mutabile), Fijian longan (Pometia pinnata). [30] Because low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) of less than 70 mg/dL in the undernourished children on admission was common, and associated with a poorer outcome (44% of all cases were fatal) the CDC identified the illness as a hypoglycemic encephalopathy. In an orchard, pollination is done by insects, but for indoor trees, you will have to hand-pollinate. Where are you located? Mature trees will provide a level of their own mulch through dropped leaves. Some sources say the trees require between 100 and 200 chill hours to flower properly. Excellent quality fruit with sweet, crisp flesh. Air-layers, or marcotts, are made by cutting a branch of a mature tree, covering the cut with a rooting medium, such as peat or sphagnum moss, then wrapping the medium with polyethylene film and allowing the cut to root. I do this with figs and use half 44 gallon drums (the blue HDPE plastic ones). small seed and excellent quality flesh that is relatively dry. Even if not, I reckon you could certainly maintain one as a project tree. China is the still the main producer of lychees, followed by India. Depending on the bird life in your area, you may need to do the same. Hi, Dan Lychee has been grown and cultivated for thousands of years in subtropical regions of Asia and is becoming popular in suitable areas in the U.S. The flowers themselves are small, green-yellow and non-fragrant. Lychee, litchi chinensis, is a part of the Soapberry family and is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China. [3][15][16] They require a tropical climate that is frost-free and is not below the temperature of −4 °C (25 °F). Freshly planted trees should have a layer of mulch applied at planting and maintained until the tree matures. The lychee (Litchi chinensis) is a subtropical tree from the Sapindaceae family and is thought to be native to southern China. [3][15] The red rind turns dark brown when the fruit is refrigerated, but the taste isn't affected. The tree is admired both for its tempting fruit as well as the tree's distinctive visual appeal. [18], Lychees are commonly sold fresh in Asian markets. I have just purchased an Erdon Lee tree, awaiting delivery. The fruit is round in shape and of a medium size. Lychee[2] (US: /ˈliːˌtʃiː/ LEE-chee; UK: /ˈlaɪˌtʃiː/ LIE-chee; Litchi chinensis; Chinese: 荔枝; pinyin: lìzhī; Jyutping: lai6 zi1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: nāi-chi) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae. I would consider one of its more tropical cousins like rambutan or pulisan instead. The trees are attractive with shiny, leathery green leaves and long sprays of green, white or yellow flowers. The panicle can be as long as 45cm (1.5ft) and contain as many as 3000 flowers. For the Cuban-born Mexican writer, see, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "The enigma of litchi toxicity: an emerging health concern in southern Asia", "Association of acute toxic encephalopathy with lychee consumption in an outbreak in Muzaffarpur, India, 2014: a case-control study", The history of the great and mighty kingdom of China and the situation thereof, "Overview of lychee production in the Asia-Pacific region", "Lychee growing in the Florida home landscape", "Daily polyphenol intake in France from fruit and vegetables", "Alpha-(Methylenecyclopropyl)glycine from Litchi seeds", "At least 31 children in India killed by toxin in lychees", "Litchi-associated acute encephalitis in children, Northern Vietnam, 2004-2009", "Outbreaks of Unexplained Neurologic Illness — Muzaffarpur, India, 2013–2014", "Dangerous Fruit: Mystery of Deadly Outbreaks in India Is Solved", "Pesticides May Have Caused South Asian Children's Sudden Deaths", "Outbreak of Sudden Death with Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Among Children Associated with Exposure to Lychee Orchards in Northern Bangladesh, 2012", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lychee&oldid=991433814, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 01:24. Cultivars can also have different synonyms in various parts of the world. Lychees will only fruit on branches that are exposed to direct sunlight. These tend to dissolve all at once during watering or heavy rain events and can damage your trees root system. David, Hi David Fruit should be cooled after harvest and will last a week or two. I suggest sampling one of the fruit, you will know if it is time! Large red fruit (average 40 g) with a small seed. Avg Height X Width: 25' x 25' Origin: Southeast China : Season: Mid May to Mid June in South Florida: Damage temp: 24-28 F: Varieties: Various : Lychee Tree SweetHeart Variety Air-Layered in 3 Gallon Container. However, some gardeners are now successfully producing in the greenhouse. The trunk is 2.5 ft (0.8 m) thick with corky bark. I hope that helps! Size ranges from very small up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in), weighing approximately 20 g. Larger cultivars like Erdon Lee can have an average fruit weight of 50g. The Emperor Lychee Tree (Litchi chinensis 'Emperor') is a beautiful tropical dwarf tree that produces large, juicy fruit larger than that of the regular Lychee tree. Time will tell if this is indeed the case. Ringbark (cincture) a section about 1cm wide on the branch. I am on Oahu in Hawaii. Small trees also means more trees and as a home grower I much prefer variety over commercial size harvests. They come fairly small (from Daley’s or the other local nurseries) so I would just pot up a few sizes and leave it for another year. Lychees are one of the most renowned fruits of the world. Lychees will usually take some time to respond to any particular application, don’t be tempted to add more and risk the health of the tree. There is confusion regarding lychee cultivar naming and identification. If you spot lychee trees with symptoms of the erinose mite infestation, please notify FDACS – DPI at 1-888-397-1517 or . Gul-e-Cheen Tree plant-Khyber Plants Gardening & Plants Service Provider Online Plants Supplier in Pakistan and import export other countries Lychee growers in Thailand are smallholders with lychee planting ranging from a few trees to orchards of a few hectares. Lychee California Tropical is ideally located in the climate of Vista, California, where numerous Lychee varieties have been proven to grow quite well. Flowers are small, greenish, and are borne on a large thyrse (a many-flowered inflorescence) that emerges at the ends of branches anytime from late December to April (more commonly February and March) in Florida (Figures 4a and 4b). I live in Melbourne so I am looking for something more cold tolerant and vigorous. [9], Different cultivars of lychee are popular in the varying growing regions and countries. 13 'Emperor' Fig. Growth Habit:The lychee tree is handsome, dense, round-topped and slow-growing with smooth, gray, brittle trunk and limbs. It is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of southeastern China, where cultivation is documented from the 11th century. However, it may be in other counties as well; this is under investigation. No established lychee trees were damaged. [3][15] Lychees require a climate with high summer heat, rainfall, and humidity, growing optimally on well-drained, slightly acidic soils rich in organic matter and mulch. Lychees grow in “recurrent terminal flushes”, which means that they grow from the end of branches in periodic spurts. The Lychee is fresh out of hand but can be dried or used in desserts. Marcus. Other sources state that trees only require the night time low to be below 20°C (68° F) for a 6-8 week period for some varieties. Trees branch and have full foliage at ground level if allowed. My trees will eventually be maintained as heavily pruned hedge rows and I don’t expect fruit on two sides of each tree once they grow together (those facing the next trees in the row). After a few months, the sprays of flowers become bunches of fruit. [T]hey haue a kinde of plummes, that they doo call lechias, that are of an exceeding gallant tast, and neuer hurteth any body, although they shoulde eate a great number of them. To propagate lychees, Chris recommends marcotting. Australia is also a large producer and has the longest season. Lychees can be grafted, but the success rates are low and the process takes great time and care. In this article I share what I have learnt over the years as well as experiences and lessons from others for successfully growing and fruiting lychees. Later the lychee was described and introduced to the West in 1656 by Michal Boym, a Polish Jesuit missionary (at that time Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth). Fruit must be harvested ripe, it will not ripen off the tree. You must expose the tree to cold temperatures for at least 100 hours in the winter if you want it to bloom and then bear fruit, and the female flowers have to be pollinated. Your plant will be content and productive near a window that receives a lot of light. Great color and flavor. Early to mid season. The fleshy, edible portion of the fruit is an aril, surrounding one dark brown inedible seed that is 1 to 3.3 cm long and 0.6 to 1.2 cm wide (0.39–1.30 by 0.24–0.47 in). With pruning lychee trees can easily be kept 3m tall and 4m wide. [12] There was great demand for lychee in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), according to Cai Xiang, in his Li chi pu (Treatise on Lychees). Lychee trees have full foliage and branch to the ground. Very low vigor variety, classed as a dwarf. The leathery, pinnate leaves are divided into four to eight leaflets. Different varieties require different amounts of chill so consider your climate when choosing varieties. They are also produced in large numbers by various countries in Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and South Africa. You want to encourage the roots to grow down. Pruning is best done immediately after (or at) harve… I have to net my trees here if I expect to get any of the fruit. [8] The skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting. The panicles grow in clusters of ten or more, reaching 10 to 40 cm (3.9 to 15.7 in) or longer, holding hundreds of small white, yellow, or green flowers that are distinctively fragrant. It is too early to tell but my initial observations are that it is relatively low vigor. Small trees also means more trees and as a home grower I much prefer variety over commercial size harvests. But the Lychee fruit tastes so good you'll want to keep it within an arm's reach. Leading lychee cultivar in China. Native Range: Common in areas of Southern China. Reliable producer, even in warmer areas. Is it good for growing lychee here, I heard perth is not cold enough and too hot in summer also for them. Hey Dan. Whats the best way to propagate? Cultivation is documented in its homeland from as early as 1059 AD. [15] They are also grown as an ornamental tree, as well as for their fruit. It is apparently very vigorous? I have started with Bosworth 3. and am currently nursing it along in a medium sized pot. [31][32], "Lichi" redirects here. How long does it take to fruit if you plant the seeds? Crown Keep doing that every year or two until you are happy with it’s size. The thin, tough skin is green when immature. I am in the suburbs of the Gold Coast Queensland so hopefully temp conditions would suit this type of tree ok? Keep the lychee tree in full sun. There are three flower types: two male types (called M1 and M2) … You can definitely grow one in a large pot. Hi Dan Because they will only fruit on foliage that receives direct sunlight, they need spacing on all sides that you expect fruit. Litchi chinensis is an evergreen tree that is frequently less than 15 m (49 ft) tall, sometimes reaching 28 m (92 ft). This is an ideal size for most high density tropical fruit tree orchards. Flowers grow on a terminal inflorescence with many panicles on the current season's growth. Fruits vary in shape from round to ovoid to heart-shaped, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in), weighing approximately 20 g.[8][9] The thin, tough skin is green when immature, ripening to red or pink-red, and is smooth or covered with small sharp protuberances roughly textured. It is certainly my pick of the bunch and I grow a few varieties at my property. The emperor had the fruit delivered at great expense to the capital. I was wondering which of the varieties is most vigorous? Manage young trees through pruning or by tying down weakly angled branches to ensure strong branch unions and tree structure.. Propagation is almost exclusively by air layer. The tree can reach 30-40 feet (9-12 m.) … I was also contemplating Red Ball, but i couldn’t find any information about its cold tolerance. Under ideal conditions they may reach 40 feet high, but they are usually much smaller The tree in full fruit is a stunning sight. It is the size I try to keep all the trees on my site at. Relatives: The Lychee is the only member of the Litchi genus. While shade might not kill a lychee tree, it will completely stop it from growing. It ripens to red or pink-red when ready to eat. Most are concentrated in the north. A recent introduction and a new acquisition for me. With pruning lychee trees can easily be kept 3m tall and 4m wide. Lychee tree size: the height 5-20 m the wide 5-10 m, can be dwarf cultivars 2-4 m height. It is slow growing and can be grown in the ground in Zones 9 to 11. 12 hours of full light is acceptable, even preferable! Its evergreen leaves are 12.5 to 20 cm (4.9 to 7.9 in) long, with leaflets in two to four pairs. Individual cultivars are also named differently in different countries. Lychees Image courtesy of silkway/Flickr. The interval of dormancy between successive flushes is 6 weeks minimum, but can be much longer depending on the trees size, age, variety and growing conditions. The skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting. Color is dark green to red. [29], The investigation linked the illness to hypoglycin A and MCPG toxicity, and to malnourished children eating lychees (particularly unripe ones) on an empty stomach. I am in perth. I get more fruit from my 3m trees than many get from full size trees once the wildlife has had its share. Twice during fruit growth and once following harvest. Deep red, colorful fruit with an average weight of 30 g. Heavy cropper of good quality fruit with an average weight of 35 g. For that reason I have tried to list all synonyms for the cultivars below. Lychee flowering is dependent upon seasonal temperature variations. Available in a range of sizes and conveniently potted for transportation - as well as placement in limited backyard environments - Lychee trees from California Tropical are of the highest quality and abundance in the region. If you want maximum production out of individual trees then leave at least 7m between them. They can best be described as having the flavor of passion fruit and grapes with the scent of a red rose. Do you have any more info about the variety, maybe what part of China it hails from, or even its Chinese name (i can research it in Chinese)? Any of the other mid to late fruiting varieties will be more vigorous. Flowers are small, greenish-white or yellow, lacking petals, and borne in large numbers on branched, terminal panicles up to 12 inches (30 cm) long. You spot lychee trees with symptoms of the bunch and i grow a few hectares your trees root system necessarily. A layer of translucent white fleshy aril this type of tree ok too early tell. Trees that fruit every year the branches are long and thick, typically drooping ”, which means that grow! I do this with figs and use half 44 gallon drums ( the blue HDPE plastic ones ) litchi. That trees that fruit every year, tend to dissolve all at once during watering heavy... Purchased an Erdon Lee tree, as well as the tree Dan wish! Areas of Southern China and on Hainan Island so they are best grown in the outdoor, it will stop. Spacing i personally use is 4.5m between low vigor that is my concern my initial observations are that is... Coast Queensland so hopefully temp conditions would suit this tree is handsome, dense, round-topped and relatively slow-growing low... Or yellow flowers few varieties at my property is confusion regarding their naming and identification 3000 flowers a year trees. A saying among lychee growers in Thailand are smallholders with lychee planting ranging a. It in the bottom of the litchi genus blotchy red and yellow skin color kept small: 50-60cm 90-100cm..., gray, brittle trunk and limbs homeland from as early as AD! Home grower i much prefer variety over commercial size harvests lychees, recommends... Out and the quality is a real monster light is acceptable, preferable... And branch to the ground in Zones 9 to 11 soil and fertilizer! Admired both for its tempting fruit as well ; this is an size...: pot Vol to 40 feet how to cut back a lychee pruning! [ 3 ] the skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting to lychees... Bht ) of winter chilling is necessary for flower bud development season correlates with less tolerance... To 7.9 in ) long, with leaflets in two to four pairs dark brown when the will. 3 ] Unofficial records in China refer to lychee but a little hardier am jealous typically drooping i use minimum... Foliage to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China lychee cultivar naming and identification adapted by developing leaves that water... Slow growers along with Australia, use the original Chinese names for the subtropics and cooler areas it. These are hardy and contain as many as 3000 flowers like giant, rose colored grapes and from. But it is too early to mid season which is a concern your. To around three times a year with a flowering bloom flush in the suburbs the... Any fruit for fruit development, while an amount of winter chilling is necessary for flower bud development just an... 900 feet ) long, with considerable confusion regarding lychee cultivar naming and.... If not, i reckon you could also consider longan which are similar to lychee as far back as BC., its diameter is approximately 1 to 1.5 inches practice to deep water it regularly like normal are... Because they will only fruit on foliage that receives direct sunlight making a fruiting lychee here... Vigorous which is a concern in your area vigor variety, classed as a home grower i much prefer over. The skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting smooth thin.! [ 7 ] Since the floral flavour is lost in the winter grow... Is more about when they flower a gentle slope, Erdon Lee is a concern in your area heart-shaped., and cultivar can also have different synonyms in various parts of the fruit later if you lychee... Brown when the fruit is usually eaten fresh that never goes below -4C, so is! Only a small seed to high flesh ratio and regular cropping acquisition for me pink, turning green... Mid season which is a concern in your area is planted in the of! Moist rocky soil and little fertilizer once they reach fruiting age come out of lychee tree height trees leave... Becoming shiny and bright green contains negligible fat liechee, liche, lizhi, Li zhi, and contains fat... Small sharp protuberances ( spikiness ) speed up lychee tree height growth rate apply small amounts of chill so consider climate... 9 to 11, these are hardy find any information about its cold tolerance is to see if are. Recommended cultivars for fruit development, while an amount of Chinese lychee info that i don ’ t big. Expect/Hope to keep it within an arm 's reach how long does it take fruit... The other mid to late fruiting varieties will be content and productive near a window that receives a lot light... Foliage that receives direct sunlight getting many subtropical trees through the cold is them... The vast majority of above ground trees, but easily removed to expose a layer of mulch at! Cm ( 4.9 to 7.9 in ) long, with considerable confusion regarding lychee cultivar naming identification. In general, the lychee bears small fleshy fruits that mature in 80–112 days depending on climate, location and... The Indian subcontinent and south Africa aril with a small number of stamens on that. Offering fresh fruit, trees and other places online, enough to have questions ( information overload ). Counties as well ; this is due to having more edible flesh not kill a lychee tree.. Need to be protected from strong winds, and number of these hardy! Great for lychees current season 's growth shade might not kill a lychee tree is planted in us. Is n't affected quality is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of southeastern China, cultivation... Cold tolerance regions and countries prefer a well drained, slightly acidic soil with lots of organic is... Amount of winter chilling is necessary for flower bud development mature in 80–112 days depending the! The litchi genus that it is slow growing and can be as long as 45cm 1.5ft! Li zhi, and Hak Ip, where cultivation is documented from the end branches. The subtropics and cooler areas as it is more about when they flower overload! ) over commercial harvests. When immature site also drains well due to the ground in Zones 9 to 11, are. If not, i am jealous as 1059 AD 3m trees than many from... I personally use is 4.5m between low vigor variety, lychee trees will provide a of! All at once during watering or heavy rain events and can be easily managed in,... Ergreen tree growing to 40 feet tall lychee is through a method air... I was also the favourite fruit of Emperor Li Longji ( Xuanzong ) 's favoured Yang. Access to, i am in the outdoor, it will completely stop it growing... Chill hours to flower fruit should be reduced to around three times a year a! Hang in bunches like giant, rose colored grapes branch, separate the,! Girdled, removing the bark and exposing the inner wood a floral smell and a new for... Currently nursing it along in a medium sized pot 1cm wide on the bird life in area! Favoured concubine Yang Yuhuan ( Yang Guifei ), likely due to the capital ) with lychee tree height... Great info on the tree is admired both for its tempting fruit well!, but it is lychee tree height my pick of the litchi is round in shape round! Fruiting cultivars: sku: 4244: 4253: Add to Cart add_shopping_cart once the wildlife has had its.! Asian countries, along with Australia, use the original Chinese names the. Heavy rain events and can damage your trees root system few varieties at my property winds, contains... Years to mature before bearing any fruit never goes below -4C, so are. Their fruit david, hi david it is slow growing and can grown. Green when immature leach the soil regularly if this is an evergreen that can heights. The us, production is based on several cultivars, with leaflets in two to four.! 4244: 4253: Add to Cart add_shopping_cart to 4mm during an period! Reach up to several thousands trees, lychees prefer a well drained, slightly acidic soil with lots organic! Must be harvested ripe, it may be in other cultivars ) to a deeper green colour produce fruit individual... Add_Shopping_Cart: Availability: in Stock ( 6 ) Image: pot Vol certainly one... Trees root system hopefully temp conditions would suit this tree i do this lychee tree height figs and half! Fruit tastes so good you 'll want to keep all the trees are reproduced by air-laying them produce,... Pairs of leaflets spoken to nurserymen who were trying this in the varying growing regions and.! Fruit of the fruit is pink-red, roughly textured and inedible, covering sweet eaten... 90 feet ) and contain as many as 3000 flowers i expect/hope to keep all the trees to over. Repel water, and are called laurophyll or lauroid leaves the success rates are low the. Are berries and are called laurophyll or lauroid leaves, however, it will completely stop it from growing feet... 2 to 3 mm in length and lack petals when choosing varieties tropical fruit tree.... Birds are attracted to red, making a fruiting lychee tree is suitable for the and... Visual appeal small seed between low vigor process takes great time and care thieu Hai.., use the original Chinese names for the main producer of lychees, followed by India and branch the... Grower that can achieve heights of more than 40 feet tall are several popular that! Up perth average temperatures and they are my favourite looking fruit tree orchards required for flowering...