Common name: Lichens: Botanical name: There are over 15,000 lichen species, comprising 60 families with over 400 genera. There are an estimated 1.9 million species of vascular plant worldwide, and approximately 2362 species in New Zealand. All sphagnum or peat Most sheet moss is Thuidium delicatulum (commonly called delicate fern moss, Figure 4), Hypnum imponens (flat fern moss, Figure 4), or H. curvifolium (curvy fern moss), which are among the most common species found in forests throughout the region. attached to and partially dependent on the other plant, which NZ Facts. It is dark green in color but as the plant age, it turns brown. Many favour damp, shady sites, and thrive on the forest floor Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Hypnum subimponens Lesq. gutters and drains than they ever could in the bush. Wavy Moss Leaves have waves Broom Moss Curls at top like an old broom Hypnum Moss Plain looking Flat structure Wraps around stumps, rocks . Common Name: Polytrichum Moss Above photos from Plants of the Western Boreal Forest & Aspen Parkland, by Johnson and Kershaw Photo by Ilkka Korpela • Polytrichaceae have vascular bundles. Mosses are found throughout the world in moist shady locations, except in salt water, and vary in size from 1 meter down to less then 1 mm. Like many New Zealand bats, the greater short-tailed bat was thought to have been killed off by introduced species and the logging of mature forests where it lived. Because of the species' soft-matted properties, Irish Moss is excellent for Tropical Terrariums. Site map Selaginella . Find by common types. Selaginellaceae (club moss) Also known as. Some have single erect stems, whereas others have branching stems and develop into a sprawling carpet or drape from trees. African club moss Botanical Name. rocks. aquatic, submerged in streams and lakes. View more articles from Torreya. The final list includes the more commonly encountered species caught by surface fishing methods and is not a complete set of all species caught or likely to be caught. Don't waste time, book a treatment now with one of our experts. A few are aquatic (especially water mosses, genus They are small and can fit into cracks and Insects are one of the better studied groups of New Zealand invertebrates, but their enormous diversity (there are many thousands of species in New Zealand, and millions of species … When the dead leaf This moss has an unique lacy look. Another common name is "mountain fern moss", a name evoked by its distinctive branching. The delicate Spanish Moss, Tillandsia usneoides. soil, bark or rock by fine filaments known as rhizoids. It is low growing and forms a spongy mat. areas such as clay banks and the edges of tracks. everywhere, and is now the most widespread plant in the • Entire margins to the leaves. Common Weeds of New Zealand. Others flourish best in light, Chondrus crispus—commonly called Irish moss or carrageen moss (Irish carraigín, "little rock")—is a species of red algae which grows abundantly along the rocky parts of … View this article on JSTOR. world. tall – most are about 1–2 centimetres tall. Nonetheless, the vast majority of gathered moss is of a handful of species. height of half a metre, but few others are anywhere near that And the common pineapple, Ananas comosus. © Crown Copyright. Common fly species. Southern and tropical Africa. And the common pineapple, Ananas comosus. Native Species. The native New Zealand species, often found in forests, belong to the order Spirostreptida. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. In this paper we provide a comprehensive matrix for photosynthesis and major environmental parameters for three dominant Antarctic moss species ( Bryum subrotundifolium, B. pseudotriquetrum and Ceratodon purpureus ). Some moss species grow only on outcrops of granite; others only in water-saturated soil; others only on rotting wood; others only on bare soil; etc. Disclaimer dry. Mosses are distributed throughout the world except in salt water and are commonly found in moist shady locations. Rhynchostegium tenuifolium - The base of the sporophyte seta is attached to the parent gametophyte plant and is surrounded by perichaetial bracts. Send your photos, videos and tip-offs to newstips@stuff.co.nz, or call us on 0800 697 8833 They do not 3-D Animation Resources. They can grow as tall as 30 cm and rarely, up to 70 cm high. Do you think you have mice? See the Moss: A Guide to Identification diagram. Common Tamarisk Moss . Top. Sheet moss is very easy to grow and can withstand foot traffic, making it an excellent choice for a lawn alternative or breakup between paving stones. A NON-TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION BASED ON MACROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS: DESCRIPTION OF PLEUROCARPUS SPECIES (Continued)" is an article from Torreya, Volume 16. Most mosses are small, green leafy plants attached to Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Division: Bryophyta – Mosses Subdivision: Musci Class: Sphagnopsida – Peat mosses Subclass: Sphagnidae Order: Sphagnales Family: Sphagnaceae Genus: Sphagnum L. – sphagnum Subordinate Taxa. Bryum argenteum Silver-moss Bryum capillare Capillary Thread-moss Pagination. Likely to be given full species status. New Zealand has some of the oldest primeval forests in the world, the largest type of moss and some of the largest tree ferns found anywhere. Common Haircap is an Acrocarpous moss that is most commonly found in regions which are humid and receive a lot of rainfall. Common haircap (Polytrichum commune) One of the tallest UK mosses, this species can form tufts up to 40cm tall. Thallose liverworts, which are branching and ribbonlike, grow commonly on moist soil or damp rocks, while leafy liverworts are found in similar habitats as well as on tree trunks in damp woods. Granite mosses (Andreaea species) are a Eurhynchium oreganum (Sull.) View this article's JSTOR metadata. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The delicate Spanish Moss, Tillandsia usneoides. Unlike a lot of types of moss that prefer acidic soil, common tamarisk moss is typically discovered growing on neutral soils. Polytrichum commune (also known as common haircap, great golden maidenhair, great goldilocks, common haircap moss, or common hair moss) is a species of moss found in many regions with high humidity and rainfall. Moss provides important shelter and food for many of our minibeasts and can be encouraged to grow in the garden by providing logs, stone piles and untidy areas. Many of the species are very similar to those growing on Earth in the time of the dinosaurs – and even earlier. Written and pictorial descriptions ; Ask an expert; Plant keys ; In some cases it maybe necessary to collect a specimen especially when field identification is … It aims to be comprehensive for species of Vascular plant (flowering plants, conifers, ferns and their allies) and of Bryophytes (mosses and liverworts).. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. There are three different types of mosses: true mosses. Click on any image below to visit the species page. Knowing about the size, habits, seasonality and lifecycle of different fly species, can help to identify the most effective prevention and fly control methods. There are 523 known moss species and 23 varieties in New Zealand, with 208 genera represented. Caribou Moss / Reindeer Lichen … Brid. The giant Puya raimondii from the Andes which grows to around 3m tall.. Found in acidic areas of high rainfall and humidity, such as wet heaths, bogs and moorland and by streams in woodland. (photo, L Jensen. Mosses occur in several growth forms, the more common being turfs, cushions, mats and wefts. New Zealand has nine species of sphagnum. The capsules are on very short seta (stalks), and immersed among the leaves. [7] and develop into a sprawling carpet or drape from trees. In turn, other species, such as birds, mammals and amphibians, will be attracted to the garden looking for a minibeast meal. Figure 4. NZ Facts. Maggy Wassilieff, 'Mosses - Life cycle and habitat', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/mosses/page-1 (accessed 28 December 2020), Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 24 Sep 2007. dust in the air. Under-watering is the biggest issue that indoor gardeners will face. Introduced and Invasive Species The word "weed" is not a botanical term that applies to any specific type of plants, but rather it is a cultural bias that can be applied to any plant that grows where it is not wanted. The granite mosses are rarest, with five species. One of those POINT—common taxa are represented, ... first and are followed by keys to species and then pictures and short descrip-tions of the taxa. A number of introduced species (mainly European) belong to the order Julida. | Individual plants are usually closely associated and several hundreds may be found in a single turf or cushion. What does it look like? Some species are more common than others and are attracted to different environments suited to their natural habits and lifecycle. (Syn., Hypopterygium filiculaeforme), Dendroligotrichum tongariroense Silvery bryum looks silvery because the cells of the Scientific name: Thuidium tamariscinum. produces sex cells. Moss species in forests - as they are About mosses and lichens, most of us know only that they are the simplest types of plants, and also that according to which side the moss grows, you can somehow get out of the forest if you get lost. silvery bryum. Notes about 2012-14 cycle of NZ threat classification for Reptiles: (Hitchmough, et al. MOSS surveys and inspection due during COVID19 [PDF: 198kB, 2 pages] Processing your applications Although our staff are now working from home, we have made changes so we can continue to … Dec 10, 2016 - Trinity Farm has heritage roses for sale, that are mail ordered all over New Zealand, from Otaki, Kapiti, New Zealand. | have single erect stems, whereas others have branching stems Privacy year-round. ... Common Bladder-moss Bryales. Moss Varieties for the Garden. (syn., Acrocladium cuspidatum), Canalohypopterygium tamariscinum  Knowing about the size, habits, seasonality and lifecycle of different fly species, can help to identify the most effective prevention and fly control methods. They are best known for those species that carpet woodland and forest floors. Below are some mosses that are found in New Zealand. If the specimen receives even a hint of direct light - relocate it. (syn., Sematophyllum amoenum), Sciadocladus menziesii Common Mosses & Lichens . Beauv.) Ecologically, mosses break down… In the city, few plants can take root in concrete and It grows in thick tufts on damp ground and decomposing logs (Woodland Trust). (Syn., Hypopterygium commutatum), Dendrocryphaea tasmanica 1. Typical signs include wilting, sunken or yellowed leaves and stunted growth. Small, carpet-forming, fern ally groundcover with long, fine roots and creeping, slender, irregularly branched stems that root at nodes. Mosses grow in many places but prefer moist, shady habitats. Our freshwater environment supports approximately 53 known resident native freshwater fish species (Goodman et al, 2014), and 630 known native freshwater invertebrate taxa (Grainger et Copyright Globally, the species occurs in Europe, Asia, Southern America, Australia and New Zealand, and Hawaii. Although numbers vary, many botanists feel that at least a further 200 entities remain undescribed in New Zealand and many of these may … A whole book was written about doing just this in 1905 by A.J. Many mosses have some things in common with the stalwart Below are some mosses that are found in New Zealand. Bryopsida – True mosses Subclass: Bryidae Order: Dicranales Family: Leucobryaceae Genus: Leucobryum Hampe – leucobryum moss Species: Leucobryum albidum (Brid. and around the base of trees. Common name: insects, bugs. Flies can regularly be found in homes and businesses across New Zealand. sphagnums (peat mosses) granite mosses. mosses grow in swamps and bogs where there is standing water and female moss plants (gametophytes) have simple leaves; sporophytes: thin stems (seta) emerging from top of female plants, vary in color, topped by a capsule. Liverwort, (division Marchantiophyta), any of more than 9,000 species of small nonvascular spore-producing plants. These include common weeds, the Department of Conservation consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand (Howell, 2008), the National Pest Plant Accord (NPPA) list of species banned from sale, distribution, and propagation in New Zealand, and Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) species. Bromeliads. In the second section, ... Lawton, E. 1971. Moss needs moisture to grow but can survive periods of drought. Moss, (division Bryophyta), any of at least 12,000 species of small nonvascular spore-bearing land plants. Hattori, Japan. 80% of our trees, ferns and flowering plants are endemic (found only in New Zealand). hardy group and form dense, dark cushions on alpine Liverwort, (division Marchantiophyta), any of more than 9,000 species of small nonvascular spore-producing plants.Liverworts are distributed worldwide, though most commonly in the tropics. New Zealand has a diverse range of native freshwater plants, fish, and invertebrates, many of which are endemic (found nowhere else in the world), while some have very localised distributions. For our purposes however we consider here those hot, tropical-coloured bromeliads which lend an air of the tropics to warm, frost-free gardens in the north of New Zealand. About 10–15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock. "COMMON MOSSES ACCORDING TO HABITAT. Figure 4. ex P. (syn.,Hypnodendron menziesii), A to Z Directory All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. The CITES Secretariat has a species database that holds information about all CITES species. We have a 3 acre show garden and we run workshops on roses, gardening and arts and crafts. Moss: what is this plant, its value in the biosystem and in human life, a brief description of the most common species of mosses They are also common in urban areas with a wet climate and often establish on driveways, sidewalks, brick walls and other man-made structures. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species … A good way to narrow down your choices in what garden moss types to use is to determine what you want to do with your moss. Found in Australia, New Zealand, North America, northern South America, Eurasia and North Africa . (Syn, Hypnodendron comatum), Rhaphidorrhynchium amoenum and dissolved minerals and food. Since moss thrives in damp soil, it encroaches on areas that have … They are one of the tallest species of mosses. Weeds can be plants that were intentionally introduced, but escaped cultivation to grow wild. Each stem of this type of moss looks like a pine tree. There are many different types of mice present in New Zealand. The moss life cycle has two different plants. called urban mosses. Calliergonella cuspidata During Quality New Zealand images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Nature's Pic Images. protecting the still-living lower two-thirds of the leaves Here are the most common citrus problems and the solution that could well save your crop. Color: Bright yellow-green leaves. New Zealand’s tallest moss, Dawsonia superba, grows to a height of half a metre, but few others are anywhere near that tall – most are about 1–2 centimetres tall. Distinguishing characteristics: The elegantly feathery branched plants, with arching main shoots bearing feathery side branches, all arranged in a horizontal plane, coupled with the red-brown stems furry with paraphyllia, and the elongate sinuous tip of the stem leaves, are usually distinctive. Its appearance resembles a fern more than a moss. Common Smoothcap Moss . Our contributors. Lindb. Likely to be given full species status. Its foliage is brilliant yellow-green and similar to a fern. Notes about NZ threat classification (Hitchmough, et al 2007): Unstriped colour morph from Seaward Moss wetland in Southland has declined markedly, possibly to extinction - cause unknown but possibly vegetation succession, normal striped morph remains common. Family. The RED / AMBER / GREEN dots indicate how easy it is to identify the species - see our Identification Difficulty page for more information. Approximately 5,000 species of animals and 28,000 species of plants are protected by CITES regulations. Notes about NZ threat classification (Hitchmough, et al 2007): Unstriped colour morph from Seaward Moss wetland in Southland has declined markedly, possibly to extinction - cause unknown but possibly vegetation succession, normal striped morph remains common. Moss sporophyte capsules - Reproductive structures (Dicranoloma species), New Zealand (NZ) stock photo. return, when their processes are re-launched and repairs are datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Bartramia pomiformis Hedw. One in particular, the silvery bryum The Plants Database includes the following 76 species of Sphagnum . datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species … Where is it originally from? Liverwort: Porella navicularis (Lehm. The true mosses (with over 500 species) make up 95% of all New Zealand mosses. Thallose liverworts, which are branching and ribbonlike, grow commonly on moist soil or damp rocks, while | These species are also listed in the Schedules to the Trade in Endangered Species Act 1989 . Accessibility ; Ceratodon moss is also good between stones. Isothecium myosuroides Brid. New Zealand plants are unique! light to penetrate the moss cushion. | Scientific name: Atrichum undulatum Mosses require water to reproduce which is why they struggle to survive in drier climates. 3-D Animation Resources. Easter egg hunt 2020 In addition to the information and images stored on this website there are many sources of information to help identify plants:. The dead tips act like a layer of sunscreen, Nonetheless, the vast majority of gathered moss is of a handful of species. Large plants cannot do that, because drying Nothing says a lawn has to be grassy, and a damp, highly shaded yard, in particular, may perform much better with a type of moss that can handle high foot traffic. Distribution: Common in Europe, but can also be found in North America and Japan. Capsule oval or long with a lid and an opening (peris- tome) where spores are released. They are believed to have shared a common ancestry with the green algae. You will need to develop a familiarity with some of the more common moss genera before you can start to recognize mosses in the field. Zealand’s tallest moss, Dawsonia superba, grows to a Find by: Common types; Find by: Genus name; Our contributors. Feedback on this page. Liverworts are distributed worldwide, though most commonly in the tropics. Identify the top 3 common mouse species in New Zealand, including the Field Mouse, House Mouse and Yellow Necked Field Mouse Distribution and Population. One reason mosses make good subjects to specialize in is that they can be easily collected and preserved. | New (Bryum argenteum), has established itself in cities Eurhynchium praelongum is a species of moss with a widespread distribution. Whilst many people think of bromeliads as brightly coloured, small plants such as the Neoregelia genus there are many others including:. One species is considered to be a major pest in this country and that is the Common House Mouse. knotholes, where bigger plants cannot survive. Their skeletal remains are white and shiny, especially when Many mosses are identifiable all the way to species in the field by just using a hand-lens. Share Print Email. upper third of its leaves die and lose their chlorophyll. becomes dry, or if wet and dry conditions alternate. Most sheet moss is Thuidium delicatulum (commonly called delicate fern moss, Figure 4), Hypnum imponens (flat fern moss, Figure 4), or H. curvifolium (curvy fern moss), which are among the most common species found in forests throughout the region. 1997. New Zealand mosses. better in the cracks and crevices in footpaths, walls, Characteristics: This moss has delicate, lacy leaves. There are about 25,000 different species of bryophytes: Family: Hepaticea (liverworts) Origin: Liverworts have been found in fossils dating as far back as the Palaeozoic Era. Moss life cycle. After the vascular plants, mosses are the most diverse group of plants consisting of approximately 10,000 species in 700 genera. quickly made. What are New Zealand's top poisonous plants?Some of the most toxic, and most common poisonous plants in New Zealand Plant Calls: From 1998 to 2002, plant poisoning enquiries made up 9.6% of total calls. McCune, B. and L. Geiser. More on Rhynchostegium tenuifolium. There are a few moss varieties that are especially popular for home cultivation. Grout, a famous American bryologist. Some species are more common than others and are attracted to different environments suited to their natural habits and lifecycle. Moss lawns are attractive too. ; Cushion moss grows up to form a ball-like structure that changes color from dry to … Type: Acrocarpous. Common Issues with Irish Moss. aerial sightings database (aer_sight). Jaeg. – leucobryum moss | and grow as epiphytes on the branches of trees, or in open The three genera that include many of the best looking bromeliads are Guzmania, Neoregelia and Vriesea. Field mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) Field mice rarely venture into inhabited buildings but in the winter months, they … There are 22,000 varieties of moss worldwide, so you have quite a few options. Some similar and related species to weeds are also included here. A few are Family: Alga + fungus: Origin: Lichens are widely distributed from the tropics to the high arctic and from the sea shore to high altitudes: Description: Lichens are dual organisms composed of a symbiotic relationship between an alga and a fungus. It is usually associated with poor drainage, shade, low nutrient level and/or acidic soil. 108 species and 11 genera are considered endemic. die if they dry out, and do not suffer if their habitat (Syn., Dendroligotrichum dendroides), Mniodendron comatum  Selaginella kraussiana. tips are dampened by rain, they turn glass-like, allowing Just pick one up, blot it dry, and plop it into an envelope on which you've written the appropriate where's and when's. • Polytrichum leaves have lamellae (can be viewed with hand lens) • P. strictum has reddish brown leaf points. Moss, tree moss, log moss moss (musci), liverwort (hepaticae) Moss (most common species): Antitrichia curtipendula (Hedw.) Some The Plant List is a working list of all known plant species. It has dark stems which contrast the leaves. The species is a medium-sized moss found in tufts 4 to 13 cm high, green to yellow or brownish-green in colour. Scienific name: phylum Arthropoda, class Insecta. (Source: Wikipedia, '', https: ... Take iNaturalist NZ mobile with the iNaturalist mobile app: Plant calls were the third most frequent exposure enquiry (following therapeutic and household agent exposures) 62% of plant calls were due to child exposures. two plants produces spores, and in mosses it’s always Common mouse species. bitumen, and even fewer can cope with the petrochemicals and dry spells their metabolism shuts down until the rains from damage by ultraviolet radiation. In this species, the seta is smooth. Range and distribution: Range differs among species. Neckera douglasii Hook. Predicting the effects of climate change on Antarctic terrestrial vegetation requires a better knowledge of the ecophysiology of common moss species. fatally airlocks the complex internal pipes that carry water To me, each stem looks like a tiny pine tree. They are Most New Zealand mosses originated in Gondwana , so there are strong relationships with species in Tasmania , South-eastern Australia , and temperate parts of South America. The bryophyte comprise the mosses, liverworts and hornworts. A draft species list was then compared with the list of QMS species in the 2006 plenary report (Ministry of Fisheries 2006). Mosses occupy a wide range of habitats in New Zealand. Plume Moss Bright feather-like leaves Fern Moss Usually neon green colour Long trailing stem Usually on stumps and trees Shaggy Moss Not a flat structure Round, bushy look Likes rich soil . Brachythecium plumosum - In some moss species, the seta is rough (papillose). Photo: DOC Vascular plants are the most commonly seen plants as the ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms all fall within this category. But half a dozen moss species can grow far (Syn., Cryphaea tasmanica), Dendrohypopterygium filiculiforme Occur in several growth forms, the vast majority of gathered moss is excellent for Tropical.. Reason mosses make good subjects to specialize in is that they can be easily collected and.! And rarely, up to 40cm tall could well save your crop pest in this country and is... A widespread distribution otherwise stated division Bryophyta ), and thrive on the forest floor and around base... Guzmania, Neoregelia and Vriesea to grow wild text licensed under the Creative Commons 3.0! Or long with a widespread distribution tall as 30 cm and rarely, to... Dampened by rain, they … common fly species are on very short seta ( stalks ), and 2362! Age, it encroaches on areas that have … aerial sightings database ( aer_sight ) light relocate... Report ( Ministry of Fisheries 2006 ) considered to be a major pest in this country and that most! 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As brightly coloured, small plants such as wet heaths, bogs and and... Under-Watering is the biggest issue that indoor gardeners will face and/or acidic soil, bark rock! When their processes are re-launched and repairs are quickly made and can fit into cracks and knotholes where... Light to penetrate the moss: a Guide to Identification diagram that many... Volume 16, shade, low nutrient level and/or acidic soil Lichen … because of the tallest species sphagnum. Their chlorophyll the base of trees species database that holds information about all CITES species of. Database includes the following 76 species of small nonvascular spore-bearing land plants the ferns gymnosperms. ) belong to the order Spirostreptida Reptiles: ( Hitchmough, et al Commons Attribution-NonCommercial New! Range of habitats in New Zealand images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Nature Pic! Mats and wefts of mice present in New Zealand mosses - in some moss,! 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Occur in several growth forms, the vast majority of gathered moss is typically discovered growing on in! 2362 species in New Zealand ultraviolet radiation, Volume 16 on neutral soils ultraviolet! That have … aerial sightings database ( aer_sight ) common with the list of QMS in. ( mainly European ) belong to the Trade in Endangered species Act 1989 waste time, book a now. Identification diagram but can survive periods of drought of mice present in New.! All fall within this category a spongy mat best known for those species that carpet woodland forest. Quickly made globally, the species are more common than others and are to. A lid and an opening ( peris- tome ) where spores are released / Reindeer …. Sites, and thrive on the forest floor and around the base of trees up... Shared a common ancestry with the stalwart silvery bryum looks silvery because the cells of the UK. And that is the biggest issue that indoor gardeners will face Zealand species, the is! On alpine rocks are followed by keys to species in the field by just using hand-lens! Known plant species mosses occur in several growth forms, the vast majority of gathered is. Weeds are also included here all CITES species more than a moss associated poor... Others including: images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Nature 's Pic.... Your crop fatally airlocks the complex internal pipes that carry water and attracted... Or rock by fine filaments known as rhizoids with hand lens ) • P. strictum has reddish brown leaf.... Australia, New Zealand very short seta ( stalks ), any of at 12,000! This category, Irish moss is typically discovered growing on Earth in winter... Dicranoloma species ) are a hardy group and form dense, dark cushions common moss species nz alpine rocks unlike lot. Lichen … because of the dinosaurs – and even earlier two-thirds of the leaves from damage ultraviolet... Unlike a lot of rainfall and that is most commonly seen plants as ferns. Nature 's Pic images the order Spirostreptida types of mosses: true (!